Historic Markers: Fenway
Fenway Park opened in 1912, then the largest ballpark in the major leagues. Home of the Boston Red Sox, it is the nations oldest operating major league baseball venue, and a rare survivor of the "Golden Age" of baseball parks (1909-1923). Now the smallest major league park, Fenway Park's intimate setting and proximity of seats to the playing field are prized by fans. Among the great Red Sox who played here are Babe Ruth, Ted Williams, and Carl Yastrzemski. Fenway Park has hosted seven Red Sox World Series, including World Championships in 1912, 1918 and 2004. It was also the host site for the "Miracle" 1914 Boston Braves' World Series victory.
Fenway Studios - 30 Ipswich St.
A rare Boston example of the influence of the Arts and Crafts Movement on architectural design, this innovative structure has been in continuous use for artists' studios and residences since it was built in 1905. Designed by Parker & Thomas, the layout conformed to artists' standards for north light and working space. Painters and sculptors from Boston's art community, some of national influence, have been tenants here, including artists of the Boston School in the early years. In 1981, the building was sold to a resident artist's cooperative committed to maintaining Fenway Studios for visual artists.
First World Series Site - 360 Huntington Ave.
On October 1, 1903, The Boston Americans and the Pittsburgh Pirates played the first World Series game on this site at the Huntington Avenue Grounds. Pittsburgh won, 7-3 before more than 16,000 fans, but Boston eventually won the series, 5 games to 3, with the final victory coming at the Grounds on October 13.
The success of this series inaugurated more than a century of championship baseball competition between the American and National Leagues. The Americans, later renamed the Red Sox, moved to Fenway Park in 1912.
Forsyth Dental Infirmary - 140 The Fenway.
Now known as the Forsyth Institute, the Forsyth Dental Infirmary for Children was established in 1910 by the Forsyth family of Roxbury. It provided free care to children regardless of background before preventive care was widely practiced and served as a model for children's centers throughout the world. The 1912 building, designed by Bostonian Edward T. P. Graham, was originally U-shaped; subsequent additions completed the structure. The monumental style was a response to the Fenway location and the proximity to the Museum of Fine Arts. Roger N. Burham sculpted the bronze relief doors.
Kerr Hall/Student's House - 96 The Fenway
At the turn of the century when few colleges in Boston had living facilities for women students, progressive women's groups organized housing cooperatives to provide safe and inexpensive housing. In 1902 women from Emmanuel Church in the Back Bay started Student's House in rented facilities. They incorporated in 1914 and built this structure as residential accommodations for 85 women who attended nearby colleges. The building was designed by Kilham and Hopkins, a Boston architectural firm interested in housing reform. Part of Northeastern University since 1972, Kerr Hall now serves as a residence hall and faculty club.
Sears Building - 401 Park Drive
Built in 1928, and designed by Chicago architect George C. Nimmons, this is a rare example of a commercial Art Deco building in Boston. Its notable tower, the architect’s solution to an insurance requirement for a raised water tank, adds the vertical emphasis that often marks the Art Moderne style. This expansion for Sears, Roebuck & Company created 1,200 new jobs in Boston; the new building included both a retail store and mail order facility. The opening of this store caused such excitement that the city put extra street cars into service to handle the crowds, and to handle the increased mail from catalog orders a U.S. parcel post branch was created on site.