Introduction The Chocolate The Village The People Resouces

 


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BAKER'S WAR-TIME SUPPORT EFFORTS



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WORKING AT BAKER'S
Seasonal Work
War-Time
Community
Remembering
Program for the reception and dance
held to honor Baker's employees
who served in World War I.
Courtesy of Milton Historical Society
World War I
On April 6, 1917, the United States declared war on Germany. In response, many young men from Baker’s joined the armed forces to contribute to the war effort. The company hired older men and additional women to replace those who enlisted. During the war, a great deal of Baker’s production centered on making the “WTW,” or Win The War, chocolate brand for the allied armies. In 1919, Bakers held a reception and dance for returning soldiers. At this event a bronze plaque inscribed with sixty-nine names was presented and hung in the Administration Building in honor of those who served.

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175,000 food parcels, including several General Foods products, being packaged at the Maxwell House Tea plant in Brooklyn, NY, for distribution, through the Red Cross, to Americans and Allied war prisoners. Helen Klosinski is putting Baker's products into the parcels.
World War II
As a division of General Foods during the 1940s, Baker’s was one of many affiliate companies to contribute to the war efforts by providing chocolate rations for the Army and Navy. Baker’s developed a special Ration “D” Bar to stand up better in heat. It was used as a regular dessert and an emergency ration, and was given to the Red Cross for distribution to prisoners of war.


The Baker's plant was decorated with flags and bunting for the 1948 memorial ceremony. Union President Joseph A. Linehan (left) and General Manager Howard Frye (right) unveiled the memorial before 2,000 hushed people.
In support of their own, $7,000 was raised between 1943 and 1944 for the Baker’s employees who fought in the war. Seven did not return and were later honored in 1948 during a ceremony that celebrated the contributions of all those who served.

During WWII, a great deal of Baker’s production went to supplying allied soldiers with chocolate rations. Starting in 1940, government representatives were stationed in the mill buildings to keep watch over production. They were posted there to make sure chocolate going to soldiers was not tampered with. As a precaution, Baker's employees were required to wear identification badges with their names and photographs.
Identification badge of
Robert P. Ochs, ca. 1945
Courtesy of Milton Historical Society

Scoutmaster Marshall Ross (right), a draftsman on Baker's engineering staff and from the left to right are patrol leaders "Porky " Miller and Mike Factor, and Junior Assistant Scoutmaster Eddie Daniels.
In 1949 Baker’s was one of several candy manufacturers donating to the ten tons of candy collected for the Berlin Airlift. President Harry Truman sent airplanes daily to drop food and supplies to Berliners cut off by the Soviets after WWII. Although Baker’s gave the chocolate, employee Marshall Ross took it one step further. As a scoutmaster, his Boy Scout Troop 15 assembled small parachutes on chocolate bars being dropped especially for the children of Berlin.

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